Ring, earrings, pendants, bracelets, or piercing jewelry, stones adorn and beautifully showcase all kinds of jewelry. These gems are divided into two categories which are precious and fine. How to differentiate the two?
Where does the name precious and fine gems come from?
To learn all about the most common fine and precious stones found in lapidary and jewelry, visit this online encyclopedia. Accessible to the general public, their technical data sheets are the most complete possible and will give you precious details on the characteristics of each stone. With this site, aquamarines, moonstones, rubies, pink quartz and others will no longer hold any secrets for you.
Whether for jewelry in gold, silver, platinum, rhodium, not to mention the fantasies … Nearly fifty gems are used today in the creation and making of jewelry. Above all, they are completely natural minerals, but above all also known for their hardness. Otherwise, it would be almost impossible to cut and shape them. Subsequently, depending on their purity, their transparency and their great rarity, these stones can be qualified as fine or precious.
Remember that this distinction already existed in Antiquity. And it goes without saying that synthetic and reconstituted stones are not part of it. Thus, only four in number including diamonds, rubies, sapphires and emeralds, precious gems are still the most popular and expensive on the market today. Some are even qualified as real gems. This is for example the case of the Regent, one of the most beautiful white diamonds in the world.
What are we really called fine gems?
As it is more and more difficult to find the precious gems, their prices keep increasing. This is why in recent years, gemologists, lapidaries and jewelers have increasingly set their sights on fine stones. And similar to precious stones such as diamonds, emeralds or sapphires, these stones are also available in rough, cut or polished.
Moreover, when tourmaline, blue chalcedony or peridot are of exceptional beauty, especially AAA qualities, their value often greatly exceeds that of certain precious ones. These stones can then be sold very expensive. But whatever it is, these gems are still fines as their hardness is simply lower than the precious ones.
We must also talk about their crystalline side and their transparency. Specifically, with a few exceptions, the majority of these minerals easily pass light. Otherwise, fine gems are also available in a very wide choice of colors to name only yellow, brown, purple …
Be careful, however, even if in many countries, their designation of semi-precious stone is still required, this label is now prohibited in France. The objective here is to avoid any form of confusion with real precious gems. Finally, it should be noted that amber, a fossilized plant resin, as well as natural or cultured pearls are also considered as fine stones.